|c 1930 kitchen mixer in brass|
|c 1930 Mueller tap in chrome|
|c 1930 Chicago faucets|
There are 4 types of faucet mechanisms: stem, ball, disk, and ceramic cartridge. Stem faucets have been used from the beginning of indoor plumbing and they require rubber
washers that wear out regularly. Ball and Disk faucets do not require rubber washers and they usually have a single lever which operates by moving up or down to open and close and side to side to regulate the temperature. Ceramic cartridge is the latest invention in faucets. They are found in the most expensive sets and are beginning to make their way into most quality faucets. Ceramic cartridges resist wear and tear for a longer time.
Faucets are available in 2 general categories: widespread
and centerset. Generally, when space is at a premium, centerset faucets are specified. They are available in single handle or two handle options. Most two handle type fixtures are 4 inches
apart. The majority of residences have ample space for a generous bathroom sink
which makes widespread fittings (8 inches apart) more appropriate: you get more
room to maneuver, and there are more styles to choose from.
Stem faucet with a rubber washer
|Ceramic cartridge faucet|
|Speakman shower head|
By law, showers have to use an anti-scalding device of which there are two types: thermostatic and pressure balanced. Thermostatic shower valves are ideal to use when you want to open several shower or bath outlets simultaneously or when you want to set the temperature and use the on-off to vary the pressure only. It is the more expensive choice of anti-scalding device to use. Pressure balanced shower valves are ideal when you use a diverter to change among shower or spout outlets. In one movement they control the on-off and the temperature but the water pressure is always the same, i.e. the water is either on or off.
|Pressure balanced valve|
|Luxury basin taps|
|Modestly priced basin taps|