What is the difference between architecture and building? For some, the difference is related to the structure's use, i.e: all public buildings are architecture whereas, all domestic or industrial buildings are simply places for people to take shelter from the weather. Yet there are beautiful pavilions, small buildings, and houses which are considered great works of architecture. For others, the significance of the structure is what separates architecture from mere building. This would suggest that the Philadelphia Waterworks by Benjamin Latrobe is mere shelter for waterworks equipment, whereas Snow White's Castle (a very significant structure for many) is architecture - and we know that is not the case! Monticello is simply a house, albeit a beautifully crafted one. It is one of the most iconic pieces of architecture in America. Its architect, Thomas Jefferson was not only the third President of the United States but also, a refined man who traveled Europe and learned from the best examples before embarking on his own architectural pursuits. We propose that what separates architecture from mere building is architectural refinement.
|Monticello by Thomas Jefferson|
|Philadelphia Waterworks by Benjamin Latrobe|
|Robie House by Frank Lloyd Wright|
|Douglas House by Richard Meier|
|Gunston Hall, a Georgian house|
|A Dutch Colonial house|
|Graduated clapboard siding at the Mather House|
|Graduated roofing slates|
|Larger windows on the lower floor|
|Colunmns with entasis|
In shingle type houses, it is customary to use Alaskan yellow cedar shingles on the roofs and bleached western red cedar shingles on the walls. When the shingles weather to a gray color, the different wood makes the ensemble look more interesting because of the slightly different shades on the roof than on the wall. In many instances, the walls and roofs are built with an outward bend at the bottom edges; this makes the buildings look lively rather than staid.
|Alaskan yellow cedar shingles on roofs and bleached western red cedar shingles on walls|
|Details on a house by Charles Platt|
|Freer Gallery by Charles Platt|